Findings from tests of five Columbia River
fish species “intended for the dinner table” show alarming levels of heavy
metals, toxic flame retardants, cancer-causing PCBs, and endocrine disrupting
chemicals, according to results of a Phase 2 study, “Is Your Fish Toxic?”
“Fish advisories are not enough. We need
immediate reduction and prevention of toxic pollution entering our river to
protect the health of our communities,” said Lorri Epstein, Water Quality
director with Columbia Riverkeeper, which conducted the study.
Through interviews with participants,
Riverkeeper found that ethnic, immigrant, and low income populations are eating
fish with unsafe levels of toxic pollution.
Contributing factors for increased risk
include higher fish consumption rates, and fish-preparation styles. For
example, the Cambodian American fisherman who provided shad for the study
fishes for his parents who cook the whole fish in soups and stews. Not removing
internal organs, skin, head and tail increase exposure to toxic contaminants.
Another fisherman from Kyrgyzstan eats carp
twice a week, while the EPA would recommend limiting consumption to less than
one fish meal per month based on the PCB levels found in his fish.
The study results this year include analysis
of steelhead caught in the Columbia near Cascade Locks, Ore., both small and
large walleye caught in the Multnomah channel at Portland, shad caught in the
area below Bonneville Dam, carp caught in Vancouver Lake, and catfish caught in
the Columbia Slough at Portland.
Phase I of the study looked at bass from the
Bonneville Pool, sturgeon from the Columbia estuary and suckers from the
(See CBB, Oct. 26, 2012, “As Ongoing Project,
Columbia Riverkeeper Collects Toxin Data In Sample Fish Caught By Anglers” http://www.cbbulletin.com/423520.aspx)
Analysis of fish samples in 2012 to showed
“shocking” levels of toxics, Riverkeeper said. A sturgeon sampled near Astoria
showed PCB levels at 7,000 percent of what the Environmental Protection Agency
considers safe for unlimited consumption, according to the conservation group.
PCBs increase cancer risks and harm immune, reproductive, and development
systems in humans and aquatic life.
“The fact that some Columbia River fish are
unsafe to feed your family presents a real environmental justice issue,” said
Epstein. “Posting warning signs is not the answer. Many people are unaware of
the warnings or will continue to eat fish due to cultural and economic reasons.
“The top priority must be cleaning up our
rivers. Our data show extremely high levels of toxic contaminants in these
fish, and we need to consider the individual stories and families interwoven
with the results of this scientific data.”
Riverkeeper’s testing this year revealed that
sampled Columbia River fish contain unsafe levels of heavy metals like mercury
and arsenic, PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), and toxic flame retardants known
as PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers). These contaminants are known
endocrine disruptors that can increase cancer risk and wreak havoc on hormone,
reproductive and development systems in both human and animals.
-- Walleye from the Multnomah Channel
contained PCBs 175 times the EPA limit for unrestricted consumption.
-- Shad caught near Bonneville Dam contained
endocrine disrupting flame retardants and heavy metals.
-- Carp near Vancouver, Wash., contained PCBs
30 times the EPA limit for unrestricted consumption, mercury 3.5 times the EPA
limit, as well as flame retardants and other heavy metals.
Steelhead and shad, which spend part of their
lives in the ocean, did not contain detectable PCBs, but did have high levels
of mercury as well as flame retardants, according to the study.
Riverkeeper says its data is consistent with
previous scientific findings. The U.S. Geological Survey (http://or.water.usgs.gov/proj/Conhab/)
found comparable high levels of toxic contaminants in the Columbia River in
everything from sediments to resident fish to osprey eggs. The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency released a report (http://www2.epa.gov/columbiariver/columbia-river-basin-state-river-report-toxics-january-2009
concluding that the Columbia River exceeds the safe level for PCBs, DDT,
mercury, and flame retardants, according to Riverkeeper.
To read more information about the Columbia
Riverkeeper study visit www.bit.ly/isyourfishtoxic
Columbia Riverkeeper’s mission is to protect
and restore the water quality of the Columbia River and all life connected to
it, from the headwaters to the Pacific Ocean. The organization is a member of
Waterkeeper Alliance, which unites more than 200 Waterkeeper organizations
worldwide and focusing citizen action on issues that affect our waterways, from
pollution to climate change.
For more information go to www.columbiariverkeeper.org